Intraperitoneal Infusion of Alpaca Plasma
Procedure for veterinary administration of plasma to alpaca cria:
- Thaw plasma in a water bath. DO NOT USE MICROWAVE!!!
- Plasma is administered intraperitoneal on the RIGHT upper flank of the cria.
- 1mg Butorphanol sedation for cria who are standing or fractious to handling.
- Clip the right upper flank region.
- Surgical preparation of site.
- Make a small lidocaine (local) bleb in the skin in the prepped area.
- Alcohol spray the site.
- Lay cria on left side – left lateral recumbency.
- Using a #15 scalpel make a small stab incision through the skin.
- Use a 16g catheter or sterile teat cannula to penetrate through the abdominal muscles. Tent the body wall up when penetrating the muscles to avoid organs.
- Connect IV giving set (+/- filter) to the thawed plasma and run through the cannula or catheter.
- Plasma should be at body temperature (37.5-38 degrees).
- Can run in 300ml unit in 15-20 minutes or as fast as can go without causing discomfort in the cria.
- May have to tent skin every so often to allow plasma to flow properly.
- Single stitch or super glue skin incision when finished.
- Cover cria with 5 days penicillin (tricarcillin is best if you can obtain it). Incorporate gentamicin into antibiotic coverage as well if cria is sick.